Siyaset û Insan

Nûçeyên Hêzdar
Nûvekirinên Zindî yên Coronavirus: Bûyerên nû li Dewletên Yekbûyî zêde dibin

Nûvekirinên Zindî yên Coronavirus: Bûyerên nû li Dewletên Yekbûyî zêde dibin

Dema xwendinê: 12 minutes

States face different challenges in controlling the spread of the virus.

Li gel ku dewletan destûr didin vebûna aborî ya cihêreng, protestoyên mezin li dijî hovîtiya polîsan li dehan bajaran pêk tê û hewa germtir vexwendina mirovên li derve, pêşbîngerên ku li Dewleta Yekbûyî ya Pandemic-a Covid-19 şopandinê digirin nêz dibin jûreke dijwar.

While the portrait of the country overall has improved significantly in recent weeks, epidemiologists have cautioned that different states are likely to experience very different challenges now in measuring and controlling the virus’s spread.

Ligor jimare ji hêla New York Times ve hatî berhev kirin, ji sêyekî zêdetir dewletan hîna jî zêdebûna enfeksiyonên nû dibînin. Lê digel ku gelek ji wan bi planên vekirinê pêş de diçin, encamên wan dikare bi faktorên mîna pergala lênêrîna tenduristiya wan re teng be û çiqas dûr in li devberdanê ve girêdayî ne.

Li hin dewletên berbiçav ên wekî Karolînaya Bakur û Arizona, ceribandinên zêde zêde diyar dikin ku enfeksiyon hîn hîn zûtir dibin û dibe ku hîn bêtir mirov pirtir bibin.

Di komeke din de dewletên ku di dozên nû de kêmbûnên piçûk gihîştine, lê devera ku hêja mirovên ku berî wan vegirtî dimîne çavkaniya sereke ya fikarê ye. Tewra dewletên wekî Maryland an Connecticut di enfeksiyonên nû de kêmbûnên piçûk dîtine, her du jî hêj bi serê hejmareke hejmareke bilind a alarm hene, ku bi baca hefteyên borî pergalên lênêrîna tenduristî bac dane.

Tirsa ji bo dewletên di kategoriya duyemîn de ev e ku digel hejmarek mirovên ku jixwe vegirtî ne, dibe ku kêmbûna van rojên borî zûtir bi riya zêdebûna têkiliya civakî di mehên pêş de were hilweşandin, pergala lênihêrîna tenduristiyê ji nû de gef dike.

Economic roundup

Some parts of the United States face financial ruin but few infections.

In Corpus Christi, the oil and gas and vacation town on the southeastern coast of Texas, it can be tough to find people who have experienced the coronavirus’s devastation, or even know someone who has. But people hit with job losses or business closures? They are everywhere.

Theresa Thompson ji betlaneyê xwe ji wezîfeya xwarinê û bûyerên li Holiday Inn-ê jehr kir. Richard Lomax di du restorantên ku malbata wî lê xwedan de ye firotanê ji sedî 90 kêm dibe. Brett Oetting, berpirsê kargêriyê tûrîzmê, bi karsaziyên bêhejmar re dixebite ku ji bo navgîniya hilweşîna aborî hewl dide.

Yek ji wan kesê herêmî ku bi vîrûsê hatî nexweş ket nizane.

In corners of the United States facing financial ruin, but where the coronavirus hasn’t arrived in full, analîzek New York Times Daneyên aborî û enfeksiyonê dibe alîkar ku rave bike ka çima hin kes dîsa vedigerin wekî demdirêj dibînin. Bûyera berçav a di navbera êşa aborî ya giran û bandora tenduristî ya sînordar de ji rayedarên herêmî û karsaziyê re bijareyên dijwar diyar dike, di heman demê de jî Friday’s encouraging jobs report pêşniyar kir ku bêtir welatî vedigerin kar.

“In the first two weeks when they said this was coming, I was like, ‘Let’s all stay in, hunker down, and if we all do this, that can help while we figure out what is going on,’” said Stephanie Anderson, a real estate agent in Satellite Beach, Fla.

But since “places here aren’t producing mass death,” she said, “don’t tell me I can’t open my business in a responsible manner.”

Some business owners and workers in these communities have embraced reopening because of their firsthand experiences. Many are angry or confused. Others plead for caution. But most agree the virus has not posed the local public health threat that so many were expecting — even while acknowledging that tişt dikarin xirabtir bibin û dibe ku hejmar bi ceribandinên hêj bêtir be.

Li vir çend pêşveçûnên din ên vê dawiyê yên li ser bandora aborî ya pandemîk hene:

Brezîlyayê ji malperek Wezareta Tenduristî daneyên coronavirus derxist.

Brazil’s government on Friday removed comprehensive numbers on coronavirus cases and deaths from the Health Ministry’s website, claiming without offering evidence that state officials had been reporting inflated figures to secure more federal funding.

Carlos Wizard, a businessman recently appointed by President Jair Bolsonaro to a top job in the ministry, told the O Globo newspaper on Friday that the government suspects state officials have been including deaths from other causes in the coronavirus tallies they report to the federal government.

“Local officials, driven purely by a desire to get more funding for their cities, labeled everyone as Covid,” Wizard said. “We’re reviewing those deaths.”

The accusation outraged public health experts. Several noted that Brazil has a sophisticated health surveillance system and that there is a broad consensus among epidemiologists that a lack of testing worldwide has resulted in a gross undercount of deaths from Covid-19, the disease caused by the coronavirus.

Bolsonaro ji ber destwerdana wî ya pandemî li hundur û derveyî welêt rexneyên giranbiha derdixe. Ew rêbernameyên karantînê yên sabotajkirî yên ku di asta dewletê de hatine meşandin sabot kirine, bang kir ku wan ji bo mezinbûna aborî wêranker e. Roja nê wî gef kir ku Brezîlyayê ji Rêxistina Tenduristiya Cîhanê derxist, ku bangî welatên ku bi derketinên mezin re rêbernameyên dûrûdirêjiya civakî dikin pejirandin.

Ofemiyê emiyê, Brazîlyayê ji zêdetirî 650,000 bûyerên piştrast kir, duyemîn tenê ji Dewletên Yekbûyî, û bêtir ji mirinê 35,000. Di rojên dawî de, Brazîl di hejmara kuştinên nû de ku her roj têne ragihandin, di cîhanê de pêşengî dike.

The National Council of Health Secretaries, which represents municipal health officials, called Mr. Wizard’s accusation outrageous.

“This authoritarian, insensitive, inhumane and unethical attempt to erase people who have died from Covid-19 will fail,” the council said. “We are not mercenaries of death.”

As the country’s caseload exploded in recent weeks, Mr. Bolsonaro fired his health minister and replaced him with a doctor who lasted less than a month on the job.

Ji nîvê Gulanê ve, wezareta tenduristiyê ji aliye peywirek gîştî ya bê ezmûna bijişkî ve tê rêvebirin, û karbidestên leşkerî gav avêtin nav gelek karên jorîn jiber ku karbidestan tenduristiya karîgeriyê îstifa kirin.

Huge crowds turn out around the world to protest racism, and experts fear a coronavirus spike.

Ji London heta Sydney, elaletek ji çaraliyê cîhanê nerazîbûnên tenduristiya gelemperî nerazî kir û ji Dewleta Yekbûyî re piştgirî kir xwepêşanderan banga edaletê kirin di mirina zilamek Afrîkî-Amerîkî de, George Floyd, di siyaseta binçavkirinê de li Minneapolis hat kuştin. Pisporên tenduristiyê ew hişyar kirine ku xwepêşandan dikare belavkirina coronavirus zûtir bike, nemaze di nav mirovên ku masûlkeyan nexin.

Li Avusturalya, girseyên girseyî li Sydney, Melbourne û gelek civakên din piştgirî dan tevgera Black Lives Matter ku ji bo bidawîkirina nîjatperestiya pergalî û mirinên Aboriginal di zindana polîs de.

The health minister in Britain urged residents not to gather for demonstrations in London, Manchester and Birmingham. But large crowds appeared — despite the cold weather, the rain and warnings by the police that mass gatherings would violate the rule that only six people from different households could gather outside during the pandemic.

In Paris, the authorities barred people from gathering in front of the United States Embassy, but thousands protested there anyway in the late afternoon, as well as near the Eiffel Tower, echoing a protest earlier this week that drew nearly 20,000 people in memory of Adama Traoré, a Frenchman who died in police custody in 2016.

In li bajarên Berlîn û Kolnê yên Almanyayê, bi hezaran bersiv dan bangên medya civakî da ku derkevin kolanan ji bo ku rêz birêz Floyd. Xwepêşandan piştî hefteyek ji xwepêşandanan li bajarên mîna Hamburg û Frankfurt hatin.

Hêrsa li dijî nîjatperestî û hovîtiya polîsan her weha girsan daketin kolanên Belçîka, Kanada, Swêd û Zimbabwe. Li deverên din ên cîhanê:

  • Art Basel, navendê salnameya bazara hunerê ya Ewropî ye, betal e. Editionalakiya 50. salvegera çalakiya li Basel, Swîsre, ji zêdetirî 250 galeriyên navneteweyî re hat pêşandan û berê jî hatibû paşguh kirin.

  • Erebistana Siûdî bertek nîşan da in the Red Sea city of Jeddah from 3 p.m. to 6 a.m. for two weeks starting on Saturday, halted prayers in the city’s mosques and suspended work in offices because of a rise in the spread of the coronavirus, the state news agency SPA reported.

  • Rûsyayê roja Saturdayemiyê 8,855 dozên nû ragihand ya koronavirus, hêjmara enfeksiyonan daket 458,689, û 197 mirin di 24 saetên paşîn de. Hejmara mirinê ya neteweyî gihîştiye 5,725.

In New York, a ‘big sigh of relief’ as the daily death toll falls to 35.

The weekend ahead of New York City’s start of gradual reopening, Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo reported 35 new coronavirus deaths statewide, a drop of seven from the day before and the lowest daily total in the last two months.

“This is really, really good news compared to where we were,” Mr. Cuomo said Saturday during his daily briefing in Albany. “This is a big sigh of relief.”

Di bin vekirina Qonaxa 1-ê de, ya ku ji Duşemê ve tê dest pê kirin, dê li dikanên firotanê were destûr kirin ku ji bo vebijarkê an deriyê dikanê vebikin, û çêkirina kar û hilberên neessential dikare ji nû ve dest pê bike, bi qasî 400,000 kes vegerîne hêza kar.

“You want to talk about a turnaround — this one, my friends, is going to go in the history books,” Mr. Cuomo said. “There is no state in the United States that has gone from where we were to where we are.”

Mr. Cuomo also announced he was expanding the occupancy guidelines for houses of worship, which could now admit up to 25 percent of the building’s occupancy. It is unclear if the measure applies statewide or only in locations that have reached Phase 2. All regions of the state except New York City di vebûna yekem an duyemîn de ne.

Li seranserî Hemê Hudson, Gov. Philip D. Murphy ya New Jersey ragihand 60 kuştinên nû bi virusê emiyê bi rê medyaya civakî, bringing the state’s toll to 12,106. The figure was a drop from the 79 new deaths reported the previous day. He also reported 606 new confirmed positive cases, totaling 163,893 cases in the state.

While New York City’s shutdown has successfully flattened the number of infections, lêkolînek dît ku lêçûna aborî dikaribû ji sêyemîn an jî zêdetir bi hilbijartina derdorên stratejîk were kêm kirin, rîska enfeksiyonê ji bo niştecîhên herêmî û karkeran bi bandorên karên herêmî re calibr kirin.

Japan’s embrace of face masks may be the secret to its virus-fighting success.

Gava ku coronavirus gihîşt Japonya, mirov tiştê ku ew bi gelemperî dikin dikin kirin: Wan danîn ser masê.

Kevirên rûyê wir tune ne nû ne. Di demsalên felq û halê hirçê de, rêwî bi gerokên nîv-veşartî yên li pişt masûlkên spî yên spî veşartî ne. Xebatkarên bi sermayê, ji têkçûna xebata winda ditirsin, yek li xwe dikin û leşker dixin hundirê nivîsgehê.

Japonya ragihand ku ji zêdetirî 17,000 enfeksiyonan û heya niha zêdetirî 900 mirin, di dema ku Dewletên Yekbûyî, bi nifûsa du û nîvek mezintir e, 1.9 mîlyon bûyerên jorîn û nêzî mirina 110,000 kesan e.

“Japan, I think a lot of people agree, kind of did everything wrong, with poor social distancing, karaoke bars still open and public transit packed near the zone where the worst outbreaks were happening,” Jeremy Howard, a researcher at the University of San Francisco who has studied pêkanîna mask, said of the country’s early response. “But the one thing that Japan did right was masks.”

During the pandemic, scientists have found a correlation between high levels of mask-wearing — whether as a matter of culture or policy — and success in containing the virus.

“I think there is definitely evidence coming out of Covid that Japan, as well as other countries which practice mask-wearing, tend to do much better in flattening the curve,” said Akiko Iwasaki, profesorê immunobiology li Yale.

The economy won’t be easily healed. Denying that reality won’t help fix it.

Ji bo sê mehan carekê li hewayê aramek xweşbîniya aborî heye. Kardêr di Gulanê de bi mîlyonan karên xwe li ser stûnên mûçeyên xwe zêde kirin, û rêjeya bêkariyê daket, surprîzek mezin ji pêşbîngerên ku li benda zirarên din bûn. Karsazî ji nû ve vedigerin, û rêjeya mirinê ya koronavirus kêmtir bûye. Rêveberiya Trump dest bi destnîşan kir ka çi dibe bila bibe hejmarên mezinbûnê yên berbiçav hene ji ber ku aborî dest pê dike ku ji qulika xwe ya kûr derxe.

Hemî ew nûçeya baş e. Lê nîşanên berbiçav hene ku hilweşandina çalakiya aborî pirsgirêkên tevgerê destnîşan kiriye ku dê di nav mehan de, an jî dibe ku di çend salan de çêdibe. Heke ne bin, ew dikarin li seranserê deverê xirabiyek mirovî bikin û ji bo malbatan êşên mayînde biafirînin.

The fabric of the economy has been ripped, with damage done to millions of interconnections — between workers and employers, companies and their suppliers, borrowers and lenders. Both the historical evidence from severe economic crises and the data available today point to enormous delayed effects.

While the government can’t wave a wand and bring back industries that are semi-permanently shuttered, it can act — and has acted — to try to keep demand for goods and services at pre-crisis levels. That, in turn, can smooth the path for other sectors to grow so that there is not a prolonged depression of jobs, income and investment, with a resulting reduction in the economy’s long-term potential.

Lêkolîn ji bo jinên ku di dema ducaniyê de difikirin hin tîrêjên xweşbîniyê bibînin.

Howawa dibe ku coronavirus li ser jinên ducanî û nûzikê bandor bike, ji destpêka derketinan ve fikariyek girîng e. YEK raporta nû di kovara bijîjkî JAMA de hem di vedîtinên piştrast û dilgiran de, hem jî bi caveyên ku daneya sînordar hene û hîn jî pir nediyar hene.

So far, compared to the general population, pregnant women do not seem to have an increased risk of severe illness if they contract the virus, the report said. Of 147 pregnant women with Covid-19 in China, 8 percent had severe disease and 1 percent had critical illness — rates that were actually lower than those in the rest of the population, where 14 percent had severe disease and 6 percent were critically ill. In New York City, a report on 43 pregnant women with Covid-19 found that their rates of severe disease were similar to those in other adults.

But whether the infection can cause birth defects, miscarriage, premature birth or stillbirth is not yet known. Newborns have become infected, but it’s not clear whether they contracted the virus before, during or after birth, or if breastfeeding can transmit the virus.

Even so, the report says that for women who are wondering whether this is a safe time to conceive, “based on limited data, there does not seem to be a compelling reason to recommend delaying pregnancy.”

Ewropa di dîroka xwe ya qirêj de hin şahidên paşîn winda kir.

Bi salan, Gildo Negri serdana dibistanan kir da ku çîrokên xwe di derbarê şewitandina bircan û qutkirina telên elektrîkê de ji bo sabotekirina Nazî û faşîstan di duringerê Cihana II-an de parve bike. Di çileya paşîn de, 89-salî ziyaretek din kir, hişt ku mala xwe ya dayikê xwe li derveyî Mîlano bide da ku alîkariya xwendekaran bike darên bi rûmet ên talî yên ku li wargehên koçberiyê hatine koçber kirin de çandin.

But at the end of February, as Europe’s first outbreak of the coronavirus spread through Mr. Negri’s nursing home, it fatally infected him, too.

Vîrusê, ku ewqas lewaz e ji kevintiran re, lez çûyîna van şahidên paşîn û lezgîn kirina betalkirina bîranînan. Di heman demê de ji bo hêzên siyasî yên ku hewl didin ku dîroka sedsala paşîn ji nû ve vesaz bikin derfetek çêkiriye da ku di rahiştina heyî de rolek mezin bilîze.

Li seranserê Ewrûpayê, partiyên rastgir ên radîkal ên bi dîroka înkarkirina Holocaust, serpêhatiya Mussolini û motîfên faşîst di salên dawî de tûndî derxistin.

More Americans use home aides than nursing homes, but the sector has been ‘forgotten’ in the pandemic.

Much of the attention to the toll Covid-19 has taken on older adults has rightly focused on long-term care facilities. Their residents and employees account for almost 40 percent of the nation’s deaths, according to an updated Analîzê New York Times.

But far more Americans — nearly six million, bi yek texmîn — rely on paid home care than live-in nursing homes and assisted living combined. And both workers and clients have cause for worry.

Tewra ji karmendên xortan bêtir, karkerên lênihêrîna malê karkerên demjimêja yên xizan in û bi gelemperî nebûna bîmeya tenduristiyê ne; nîvî li hin şêwaza arîkariya giştî vedigerin. Ne tenê ne ku gelek kedkarên malê her hefte bi çend muwekîlan re xizmetê dikin, lê ji bo parçekirina jiyanek hevbeş ew dikarin di heman demê de li gelek saziyan an ji bo xaniyên hemşîre bixebitin, an jî li derveyî karan bigirin.

Van mercan xetereyên enfeksiyonê zêde dikin, û ne tenê ji bo xerîdarên xweyên kevn ên xwerû. Hema hema sêyemek xebatkarên lênêrîna malê, hêzek xebata jinê ya giran, xwe li ser 55 ne, û piraniya wan jî reş in an spanî, komên ku bi taybetî ji Covid-19 re xeternak bûne hene.

Personal protective equipment, or P.P.E., has proved hard to acquire, however. With hospitals and nursing homes scrambling for supplies, “this was the forgotten sector,” said Dr. Nathan Stall, a geriatrician at the University of Toronto.

“Home care workers are probably unknowingly involved in the transmission of Covid-19, especially when they’re not equipped with sufficient P.P.E.,” he added.

Lifeawa ku jiyan rizgar dibe ewle bimînin.

Dema ku welat di binê xirabûnê de bû, hindik qaîde pir zelal bû. Karkerên bingehîn ji kar derxistin; her kesê din xwe parast.

Now states are lifting restrictions, but detailed guidance about navigating the minutiae of everyday life is still hard to come by — and anyway, there’s never going to be a ready solution to every problematic circumstance you may encounter.

As you tiptoe toward normalization — whatever that is, given these times — try to follow three precautions: avoid contact, confinement and crowds. And make realistic choices.

Têkelî

Pêdivî ye ku hûn bi tedbîrên dûrûdirêj ên civakî de berdewam bikin. Ev tê wê wateyê ku masûlke bikuje, destê baş û gelemperî bişo, û şeş-lingê ji hev dûr bigire. Huçikên tune, bêyî destwerdan.

Dr Muge Cevik, pisporê nexweşiyên infeksiyon û virusolojiyê li Zanîngeha Saint Andrews School of Medicine in Scotland, got, her danûstendinek 15-hûrdeman rû bi rû, di navbera mirovên ku şeş lingên hev in.

Girtîyî

Indoor activities in confined enclosed spaces, even large ones, are more conducive to spreading the virus than events held outside, especially if the air inside the building is being recirculated or the windows don’t open.

Gelek

Large groups are risky, even outdoors. They mean more people, more contacts — and more potential sources of infection.

tercîhên

Mirov li Heke ew bi koronavirus vegirtî xetereyek mezin a pêşxistina nexweşiya giran — including those 65 and over, residents of nursing homes and long-term care facilities, people with compromised immune systems, chronic lung or kidney disease, heart conditions or severe obesity — will want to take the greatest of precautions.

Lê ciwanên mezin û tendurist ên ciwan ên tendurist, her weha divê bifikirin ku parastina mirovên li dora wan, di nav de endamên malbatê, hevkar an hevalên wan ên xizan in, got Dr Barbara Taylor, pisporê nexweşiya infeksiyonî li Navenda Zanistî ya Tenduristiyê ya Zanîngeha Texas li San Antonio.

Reporting was contributed by Andrea Salcedo, Zach Montague, Michael H. Keller, Steve Eder, Karl Russell, Denise Grady, Ernesto Londoño, Letícia Casado, Jason Horowitz, Damien Cave, Livia Albeck-Ripka, Iliana Magra, Ceylan Yeginsu, Elian Peltier, Yonette Joseph, Roni Rabin, Eduardo Porter, Patricia Cohen, Ernesto Londoño, Manuela Andreoni, Leticia Casado, Ben Casselman and Paula Span.

Ev gotara bi rastî hatiye çap kirin The New York Times.

Related Posts

Leave a Reply

E-maila te ne dê bê weşandin.