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국경 분쟁에 인도, 중국 군 사령관 회의

국경 분쟁에 인도, 중국 군 사령관 회의

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SRINAGAR, India — Indian and Chinese military commanders are meeting Saturday to try to resolve a bitter standoff along their disputed frontier high in the Himalayas where thousands of troops on both sides are facing off.

The meeting at a border post is the highest-level so far attended by senior commanders. Local border commanders held a series of meetings in the past four weeks but failed to break the impasse.

On Friday, Indian and Chinese foreign ministry officials also discussed the border tensions.

Indian officials say the standoff began in early May when large contingents of Chinese soldiers entered deep inside Indian-controlled territory at three places in Ladakh, erecting tents and posts. They said the Chinese soldiers ignored repeated verbal warnings to leave, triggering shouting matches, stone-throwing and fistfights.

India also mobilized thousands of soldiers and armory.

Chinese and Indian soldiers also faced off along the frontier in India’s northeastern Sikkim state in early May.

Experts in India cautioned that there was little expectation of any immediate resolution in the military meeting. In the past, most disputes between China and India have been resolved quickly through such meetings while some required diplomatic intervention.

Though skirmishes aren’t new along their long-disputed frontier, the standoff at Ladakh’s Galwan Valley, where India is building a strategic road connecting the region to an airstrip close to China, has escalated in recent weeks.

The Chinese “ingress into the Galwan River valley opens up a new and worrying chapter,” Ajai Shukla, a former Indian military officer and a defense commentator, wrote on his website.

인도는 일방적으로 2019 년 XNUMX 월에 라다크를 연방 영토로 선언하면서 분쟁 지역을 카슈미르와 분리시켰다. 중국은 유엔 안전 보장 이사회를 포함한 국제 포럼에서이 조치를 강하게 비난하는 소수의 국가 중 하나였다.

The China-India border dispute covers nearly 3,500 kilometers (2,175 miles) of frontier that the two countries call the Line of Actual Control. They fought a bitter war in 1962 that spilled into Ladakh. The two sides have been trying since the early 1990s to settle their dispute without success.

The most serious dispute is over China’s claims that India’s northeastern state of Arunachal Pradesh is part of Tibet, which India rejects.

중국은 인도 북동부에서 약 90,000 평방 킬로미터 (35,000 평방 마일)의 영토를 주장하고 있으며, 인도는 중국이 라다크 지역의 인접한 히말라야에있는 악사이 친 고원에서 38,000 평방 킬로미터 (15,000 평방 마일)의 영토를 차지하고 있다고 말합니다.

Lt. Gen. D.S. Hooda, who retired as head of the Indian military’s Northern Command under which Kashmir and Ladakh fall, said the level of physical violence in the current standoff is “unprecedented and different from the past.”

“The tensest of standoffs between soldiers of the two sides in the past have been marked by a remarkable degree of restraint and an understanding of not using force. If this restraint breaks down, each transgression could become a flash point,” he said.

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